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COVID-19 Provincial Policies

Updated September 23, 2022 Published September 22, 2020

Canadian provinces and territories responded differently to the COVID-19 pandemic. Since the beginning of the pandemic the Centre has developed and updated an index to evaluate provincial responses. The Centre index captures seventeen different measures enacted by Canadian provincial governments including gathering sizes, masks, school closures, and travel restrictions.

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Vaccine requirements and public health measures

The Centre Stringency Index continues to evolve with the pandemic. As provincial governments introduce new restrictions tied with vaccination status, we added new indicators to the index (see codebook).

As a result, the dataset now includes three different indices. ‘stringencyIndex’ includes all measures and is the one depicted in the figure above, ‘stringencyPHM’ includes all public health restrictions except the ones linked to vaccination and ‘stringencyVax’ only includes restrictions related to vaccination status.

More on the index

The methodology behind the index builds on the work from the Oxford University’s COVID-19 Government Response Tracker but adds indicators that are more tailored to the Canadian response. The Centre data and the Oxford University’s COVID-19 Government Response Tracker have now been combined to produce a joint working paper Variation in the Canadian provincial and territorial responses to COVID-19.

Our past publications on the index:

To cite this data:
Breton, Charles, Ji Yoon Han, Mohy-Dean Tabbara and Paisley Sim. 2021. COVID-19 Canadian Provinces Measures Dataset. Center of Excellence on the Canadian Federation.

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COVID-19 provincial policies, fiscal relations, Indigenous governance, public opinion on federalism: the Centre of Excellence on the Canadian Federation is the IRPP's new permanent research initiative providing key insights on the Canadian federation.

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