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Confederation of Tomorrow

Updated October 14, 2021 Published September 10, 2020

The Confederation of Tomorrow is a landmark annual survey of public opinion that explores the attitudes of Canadians towards the practice of federalism and their federal community.  This snapshot is a unique resource for scholars and journalists interested in public opinion and federalism.

The 2021 Confederation of Tomorrow study consists of a survey of 5,814 adults, conducted online in the provinces between January 25 and February 17; and online and by telephone in the territories between January 25 and March 1. Survey results are weighted by region, gender, age, language, education, immigrant background and Indigenous identity to ensure they are representative of the country as a whole. When results are reported for the territories (individually or combined), these are weighted separately to ensure they are representative of that region.

This page will be updated as reports are published. You can find 2021 Confederation of Tomorrow results below:

Report 1: All in this together? Canadians’ Views on Masks, Vaccines and Lockdown During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Report 2: The Role of Governments and the Division of Powers: Federalism in the Context of a Pandemic

Report 3: Addressing climate change in the Canadian federation

Report 4: Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation

Report 5: Attachment and Advantages How Canadians View their Country, their Province and their Neighbour

Report 6: Respect, Influence and Fairness in the Canadian Federation

For those interested in using the data in their own research, data is available upon request, please contact us at

The study is conducted by the Environics Institute for Survey Research, in partnership with four leading public policy organizations across the country: the Centre of Excellence on the Canadian Federation at the IRPP, the Canada West Foundation, the Centre D’Analyse Politique Constitution Fédéralisme, and the Brian Mulroney Institute of Government at StFX University.

COE Background

About the Centre

COVID-19 provincial policies, fiscal relations, Indigenous governance, public opinion on federalism: the Centre of Excellence on the Canadian Federation is the IRPP's new permanent research initiative providing key insights on the Canadian federation.

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